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Image from page 933 of “An encyclopædia of agriculture : comprising the theory and practice of the valuation, transfer, laying out, improvement, and management of landed property, and of the cultivation and economy of the animal and vegetable productions

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Identifier: pdiaofaencyclo00loudrich
Title: An encyclopædia of agriculture : comprising the theory and practice of the valuation, transfer, laying out, improvement, and management of landed property, and of the cultivation and economy of the animal and vegetable productions of agriculture
Year: 1871 (1870s)
Authors: Loudon, J. C. (John Claudius), 1783-1843
Subjects: Agriculture — Dictionaries
Publisher: London : Longmans, Green
Contributing Library: University of California Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: MSN

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in quantity that obtained from the cultivation of two or three kinds only.{Ibid. p. 246.) 5650. New and excellent varieties of many of the grasses, especially those used or fitto be used in the convertible husbandry, might no doubt be obtained by selection andcross-breeding, and it is much to be wished that this were attempted by cultivators. 5651. The grasses to be here treated of may be classed as tall sorts, or those best fittedfor hay; and dwarf grasses, or those fit only for pasturage : those experimented on atWoburn will next be noticed. Sect. 1. Tall-growing or Hoy Grasses. 5652. The hay grasses for the purposes of agriculture may be advantageously dividedinto those of temporary, and those of permanent duration. Subsect. 1. Tall or Hay Grasses of temporary Duration. *5C53. The most valuable of this division are the biennial, or, as it is commonly butenonecusly called, the annual, perennial, and subperennial rye-grass fg. 769. a), the 3 L 4 SSK PRACTICE OF AGRICULTURE. Pari III,

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cocks-foot grass(o), and woolly soft grass(c). Where a crop ot liay is desired within the fy& year, it is necessary to resort to such grasses rtty as are annuals in the strict sense of the word ; »jw? and none can he hetter for this purpose than the common oat f^vena sativa), cut and made into hay when it comes into flower. Next in order may be mentioned the other cereal grasses and the annual varieties of //roinus : the latter, however, are very coarse grasses, though prolific in culm. 5654. The biennial rye-grass (Zoliumper^nne var. bienne L.) is well known, asbeing universally sown, either with or with-out clover, among corn crops, with a viewto one crop of hay in the succeeding season.It attains a greater height, and produces a longer broader spike of flowers, than theperennial rye-grass, and the produce in hay is considered greater than that of any otherannual grass, equally palatable to cattle. It prefers a rich loamy soil, but will grow onany surface whatever, not rock or

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